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What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration, or age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a progressive eye condition primarily affecting older adults. It involves the deterioration of the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision. AMD can lead to blurred or distorted vision, making it difficult to read or recognize faces. It is a leading cause of vision loss in individuals over 50, and while there is no cure, early detection, lifestyle changes, and preventative measures can help manage the condition.

Symptoms of Macular Degeneration:

  • Blurred or distorted central vision
  • Reduced color perception
  • Difficulty reading or recognizing faces
  • Dark or empty spots in the central vision
  • Straight lines appearing wavy or crooked
  • Difficulty adapting to changes in lighting conditions
  • Gradual loss of central vision

How Sun Exposure Speeds Up
Macular Degeneration Progression

Excess sun exposure, particularly to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, accelerates the progression of macular degeneration through oxidative stress. UV rays promote the formation of free radicals in the retina’s cells, leading to cellular damage and inflammation. Over time, this oxidative stress can contribute to the development and worsening of macular degeneration. UVista can protect the eyes from UV radiation, thus potentially reducing the risk and slowing down the progression of this sight-threatening condition.

Other Risk Factors:

  • Aging (most common in individuals over 50)
  • Family history of macular degeneration
  • Smoking
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Gender (more common in women)
  • Race (more common in Caucasians)
  • Dietary choices (low intake of antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids)
  • Light-colored eyes
  • Prolonged exposure to blue light (e.g., digital screens)